The government of the Democratic Republic of Congo is
disputing Banro Corporation’s recent request of force majeure following
repeated attacks to its mines from armed rebels that made it impossible for the
gold producer to keep staff and assets safe.
The Canadian miner invoked the legal clause that frees a company from meeting contractual obligations in September, arguing that the recurrent attacks on its Namoya, Lugushwa, and Kamitug mines constituted the kind of unpredictable events that justified it.
Banro noted at the time that its Twangiza site remained operational, which is one of the reasons why DRC is disputing the company’s declaration of force majeure.
The Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare also argues that the
Canadian miner has no legal status in the country and therefore its local
subsidiaries are the only entities legally entitled kick off the procedure.
Banro’s chief executive officer, Brett Richards, told Reuters he had power of attorney to demand force majeure on behalf of Banro’s Congo subsidiaries. Still, he said he plans to re-submit the request through the directors of the subsidiaries.
Richards also disputed the minister Néné Ilunga Nkulu ‘s
claim that Namoya was still in production, saying the mine has been inactive
since he ordered evacuation of the site on Sept. 16.
Banro, present in eastern DRC since the 1990s, had a challenging run that nearly ended in bankruptcy two
years ago. The government confiscated its licenses during a civil war that
killed five million people, returning them in 2002 as the conflict drew to a
In the following years, Banro built its Twangiza and Namoya
mines. The latter was the target of multiple attacks, including the kidnapping of employees, which led the cash-strapped company to halt operations in 2017.
A Canadian court approved a rescue plan in early 2018,
enabling the company’s main creditors — Chinese state-controlled Baiyin
International Investments and Connecticut-based Gramercy Funds Management — to
become its senior shareholders.
The move allowed Banro to resume operations. Fresh attacks, however, including the kidnapping of four employees in July, disrupted mining activities.
The company ended up signing an agreement with the leader of
the Mai Mai militia, allowing artisanal local miners to temporarily extract
gold from Namoya’s site in exchange for the release of the abducted workers, La Libre Afrique reported.
Congo’s east is riven by insecurity, with well over a
hundred armed groups active in the region, while infrastructure such as roads
and power plants is dilapidated and inadequate, in contrast to the more
peaceful, better-serviced southeastern Katanga region. There, numerous
state-of-the-art copper and cobalt mines are owned by companies including
Glencore (LON: GLEN) and China Molybdenum Co.
Banro is not the only Canadian miner to be a recent victim of recurrent attacks. On Wednesday, at least 37 civilians were killed and more than 60 injured when gunmen ambushed a convoy transporting workers of Montreal-based Semafo (TSX: SMF) in eastern Burkina Faso.
With files from Reuters.